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Wikipedia

World's Largest Encyclopedia

Wikipedia is the world's largest encyclopedia, and the quintessential example of the success of collaborative online content. It was created in 2001 by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger, and run by the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation.
Contents

Wikipedia's Opinions

Neutral
No simple cause for sexual orientation has been conclusively demonstrated, and there is no scientific consensus as to whether the contributing factors are primarily biological or environmental.
27 Apr 2009    Source


Mostly Agree
The natural existence of homosexuality in non-human animals is considered controversial by conservative religious groups who oppose LGBT social movements because these findings seem to point to the natural occurrence of homosexuality in humans.
27 Apr 2009    Source


Agree
Advocates of intelligent design argue that it is a scientific theory, and seek to fundamentally redefine science to accept supernatural explanations. The unequivocal consensus in the scientific community is that [evolution by natural selection is true and that] intelligent design is not science.
27 Apr 2009    Source


Disagree
...the discovery of more and more transitional fossils continues to add to knowledge of evolutionary transitions, making many of the "missing links" missing no more. ... Proponents of creationism have frequently made claims about the existence or implications of transitional fossils that some of the scientific community considers to be false and misleading. Some of these claims include: 'There are no transitional fossils.' ...[and]... 'No fossils are found with partially functional features.'
10 Mar 2010    Source


Disagree
Modern geologists and geophysicists consider the age of the Earth to be around 4.54 billion years (4.54 × 109 years ± 1%). This age has been determined by radiometric age dating of meteorite material and is consistent with the ages of the oldest-known terrestrial and lunar samples.
27 Apr 2009    Source


Disagree
The second law is only true of closed systems. It is easy to decrease entropy, with an energy source. For example, a refrigerator separates warm and cold air, but only when it is plugged in. Since all biology requires an external energy source, the Sun, there's nothing unusual (thermodynamically) with it growing more complex with time.
27 Apr 2009    Source


Disagree
There has been no increase of solar brightness over the last 1,000 years. Solar cycles led to a negligible increase in brightness over the last 30 years, but this effect is too small to contribute significantly to global warming. The combined effect of natural climate forcing, solar variation and changes in volcanic activity, probably had a warming effect from pre-industrial times to 1950 but a cooling effect since.
27 Apr 2009    Source


Disagree
[A] hypothesis is that magnetic activity of the sun deflects cosmic rays that may influence the generation of cloud condensation nuclei and thereby affect the climate. Other research has found no relation between warming in recent decades and cosmic rays. The influence of cosmic rays on cloud cover is two orders of magnitude lower than needed to explain the observed changes in clouds, and is not a significant contributor to present global warming.
27 Apr 2009    Source


Neutral
Economists have been trying to analyze the overall net benefit of Kyoto Protocol through cost-benefit analysis. There is disagreement due to large uncertainties in economic variables. ... The recent Copenhagen consensus project found that the Kyoto Protocol would slow down the process of global warming, but have a superficial overall benefit. Defenders [argue] that while the initial greenhouse gas cuts may have little effect, they set the political precedent for bigger cuts in the future.
27 Apr 2009    Source


Mostly Agree
The majority of climate scientists agree that global warming is primarily caused by human activities such as fossil fuel burning and deforestation. The conclusion that global warming is mainly caused by human activity and will continue if greenhouse gas emissions are not reduced has been endorsed by more than 75 scientific societies and academies of science, including all of the national academies of science of the major industrialized countries.
21 Jun 2010    Source


Mostly Agree
The hygiene hypothesis is supported by epidemiological data. Studies have shown that various immunological and autoimmune diseases are much less common in the developing world than the industrialized world and that immigrants to the industrialized world from the developing world increasingly develop immunological disorders in relation to the length of time since arrival in the industrialized world.
27 Apr 2009    Source


Mostly Agree
Excessive UV-radiation is the leading cause of primarily non malignant skin cancers. Sunscreen is widely agreed to prevent sunburn, although a minority of scientists argue that it may not effectively protect against malignant melanoma, which is either caused by a different part of the ultraviolet spectrum or, according to others, not caused by sun exposure at all.
11 May 2009    Source


Disagree
Studies have repeatedly failed to demonstrate statistically significant relationships between astrological predictions and operationally-defined outcomes. ... When testing for cognitive, behavioral, physical and other variables, one study of astrological "time twins" showed that human characteristics are not molded by the influence of the Sun, Moon and planets at the time of birth.
27 Apr 2009    Source


Disagree
Claims of homeopathy's efficacy beyond the placebo effect are unsupported by the collective weight of scientific and clinical evidence. While some individual studies have positive results, systematic reviews of published trials fail to conclusively demonstrate efficacy. Furthermore, higher quality trials tend to report less positive results, and most positive studies have not been replicated or show methodological problems...
26 Apr 2010    Source


Disagree
Despite continued anecdotal reports of successful results, Bates' techniques have not been shown to objectively improve eyesight, and his main physiological proposition – that the eyeball changes shape to maintain focus – has consistently been contradicted by observation.
01 Jun 2010    Source


Disagree
On [the] morning [of September 11, 2001], 19 al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked four commercial passenger jet airliners. The hijackers intentionally crashed two of the airliners into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, killing everyone on board and many others working in the buildings. Both buildings collapsed within two hours, destroying nearby buildings and damaging others.
27 Apr 2010    Source


Comparisons with Other Experts and Influencers

The similarity between Wikipedia and each expert and influencer is calculated by looking at how the same questions were answered. These figures are used to calculate conforming, nonconforming, and projected opinions. The accuracy of the analysis depends on Wikipedia's coverage, which grows with the number of their opinions entered into TakeOnIt.

Agree
Paul Z. Myers
Biology Professor
100% agreement / 3 opinions

Richard Dawkins
Evolutionary Biologist, Writer, Atheism Activist
100% agreement / 3 opinions

Robert Todd Carroll
Philosophy Professor
100% agreement / 2 opinions

Stephen Barrett
Psychiatrist
100% agreement / 2 opinions

Eliezer Yudkowsky
Artificial Intelligence Researcher
100% agreement / 2 opinions

Kenneth Miller
Biology Professor, Christian
100% agreement / 2 opinions

Mostly Agree
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
(IPCC) Scientific Body formed by U.N.
62% agreement / 2 opinions

Barack Obama
United States President
75% agreement / 2 opinions

Ayn Rand
Philosopher, Novelist
75% agreement / 2 opinions

Ian Frazer
Inventor of Cervical Cancer Vaccine
75% agreement / 1 opinions

In-Between
Conservapedia
Christian Encyclopedia
41% agreement / 3 opinions

Kevin Rudd
Australian Prime Minister, 2007-2010
50% agreement / 1 opinions

Mostly Disagree
The Catholic Church
Largest Christian Church
25% agreement / 2 opinions

Jasper Kirkby
Particle Physicist
25% agreement / 2 opinions

Phillip Johnson
Law Professor
37% agreement / 2 opinions

Christina Ricci
Actress
25% agreement / 1 opinions

A. Bernard Ackerman
Founding Figure in Dermatopathology
25% agreement / 1 opinions

Roy Spencer
Meteorologist
25% agreement / 1 opinions

Disagree
Deepak Chopra
Inventor of Quantum Healing
0% agreement / 4 opinions

Albert Mohler
President, Southern Baptist Theological Seminary
0% agreement / 2 opinions

Granville Sewell
Mathematics Professor
0% agreement / 1 opinions

Samuel Hahnemann
Inventor of Homeopathy
0% agreement / 1 opinions

William Dembski
Intelligent Design Theorist
0% agreement / 1 opinions

Jessie Ventura
Former Governor of Minnesota
0% agreement / 1 opinions

Conforming Opinions

Wikipedia's conforming opinions are opinions that align with the group of experts and influencers Wikipedia typically agrees with.

Coverage Answer Question
High Agree Did complex life evolve through the process of natural selection?
High Disagree Does astrology work (is personality correlated with the positions of celestial bodies at birth)?
High Disagree Does homeopathy work?
High Disagree Did the US Government play a part in the 9/11 attacks?
High Disagree Does evolution violate the second law of thermodynamics?
Medium Disagree Can poor eyesight be improved with eye exercises?
Low Disagree Does cosmic radiation significantly affect earth's climate?
Low Disagree Is the Earth approximately 6000 years old? (as opposed to 4.5 billion)
Low Disagree Is the theory of evolution falsified by fossil evidence?

Nonconforming Opinions

Wikipedia's nonconforming opinions are opinions that contradict the group of experts and influencers Wikipedia typically agrees with.

Coverage Group Answer Expert Answer Question
Low Agree Mostly Agree Does sun exposure cause skin cancer?

Projected Opinions

Wikipedia's projected opinions are opinions Wikipedia is expected to have if their opinions align with the experts and influencers that they typically agree with.

Coverage Answer Question
High Mostly Disagree Does God exist?
High Neutral Can science prove or disprove the existence of God?
High Neutral Should abortion be legal?
High Mostly Disagree Is God just?
Medium Mostly Agree Is global warming caused primarily by humans?
Medium Neutral Should marijuana be legal?
Medium Mostly Disagree Should Intelligent Design be taught in science class?
Medium Agree Is self-deception a fault?
Medium Agree Should atheists directly challenge religious beliefs?
Medium Mostly Agree Is free trade generally beneficial for a country?
Medium Neutral Is abortion morally acceptable?
Medium Neutral Are our enemies innately evil?
Medium Mostly Agree Would invading Iraq result in a quagmire?
Medium Mostly Disagree Is Yucca mountain the best place to store nuclear waste?
Medium Mostly Disagree Should gay and straight couples have the same legal benefits?
Medium Mostly Disagree Should the federal government ban gay marriage?
Medium Neutral Should research on stem cells from human embryos be banned?
Medium Mostly Agree Are gun control laws a serious breach of civil liberties?
Medium Mostly Agree Is abstinence-only sex education effective?
Medium Disagree Do we have an immaterial soul?
Medium Mostly Disagree Is it legitimate for the US to label their enemies "terrorists"?
Medium Disagree Is truth relative?
Medium Mostly Disagree Is free will an illusion?
Low Mostly Agree Is the death penalty acceptable?
Low Mostly Disagree Should the United States have Universal health care?
Low Agree Is revenge OK?
Low Disagree Is censorship acceptable?
Low Neutral Should oil be drilled in Alaska's Arctic National Wildlife Refuge?
Low Neutral Must we know the cause of climate change before we try to affect it?
Low Disagree Does religion encourage good behavior?
Low Neutral Does belief in God have a significant genetic component?
Low Disagree Have aliens from outer space visited Earth?
Low Disagree Are psychic powers real?
Low Neutral Is information-theoretic death the most real interpretation of death?
Low Neutral Is living forever or having a greatly extended lifespan desirable?
Low Mostly Disagree Is a technological singularity likely?
Low Disagree Is there a Law of Karma?
Low Disagree Can we handle the truth?
Low Disagree Is marriage a good thing?
Low Neutral Are America's rich taxed enough?